May 262014

Millions of Archival Newspaper Pages Set to Go Online 

In time for the 100th anniversary of World War One (1914-1918), millions of images from historical newspapers are being digitized to share online. The newspapers hail from hundreds of communities across Saskatchewan, Canada.

Answering a need from communities to have access to archival newspapers, has embarked on a project to digitize historical newspapers starting with the war years. The project was announced via a CBC Radio interview, on May 26, 2014.

For further information follow Sask History on twitter or on facebook. Saskatchewan History Online also uses the social networking of history Pin where you can discover more of the images the project has assembled together about the rich and diverse history of the province. Learn about Saskatchewan history online which is supported by the Saskatchewan Ministry of Education and the University of Saskatchewan University Library. Galleries, libraries, archives, and museums are assisted in digitizing their collections by the Saskatchewan History Online technical infrastructure which are then documented on the What’s new pages of the website.

Saskatchewan History Online is a dynamic, and committed organisation dedicated to preserving the heritage left by the many early residents in the province of Saskatchewan. Each and every image left an imprint on the community which preserved the heritage in galleries, libraries, archives, and museums. Current residents are truly indebted to Saskatchewan History Online which has now initiated many projects who document the courage of our ancestral forefathers. By the digitization process and easy access to these records it is hoped that future generations will indeed appreciate the many efforts made by their predecessors.

Canada was committed to the war effort on August 4, 1914. Within two months, the Canadian Expeditionary Force had recruited 33,000 who departed for service overseas on October 3. The digitized collection will not be up and running by August of 2014, but organizers are hoping to have the website available for November 11, 2014, Remembrance Day.

The Saskatchewan Virtual War Memorial lists 6,438 who gave the ultimate sacrifice during World War I. The Roll of Honour lists the World War I casualties by name on the SVWM. During the Great War, the Historical Atlas of Canada> tallies 59,544 casualties from the Canadian army alone. Enlistees for the Canadian Expeditionary Force from Saskatchewan made up 10.8% of the Canadian war casualties.

The 1922-1923 Canada Year Book records that there were 757,510 persons residing in Saskatchewan, and 8,788,483 in Canada during the census year, 1921. This is in contrast to the 1911 census year which reports 492,432 persons in Saskatchewan, and 7,206,643 residents of Canada. Saskatchewan residents provided 6.8% of the Canadian population in 1911 and 8.6% in 1921.

As a great tribute to preserving the information from archival newspapers, the digitization process brings history to life. These newspapers reveal information about the war era, however head lines did not exclusively focus on the Great War. Local news, occasions and events also made headlines during these years.

Chronicling the war years through Saskatchewan historic newspapers will be a treasure trove of data, and a true preservation repository which honours the commitment of Saskatchewan residents during the Great War. The finished web pages will indeed showcase the culture, opinions, hopes and fears of the fledgling province, as told by her gallant reporters.

“Along came nineteen fourteen and our nation then appealed

For men to fight on Vimy Ridge and go to Flander’s Field.

They were gunners, fought in horse brigades, and in the infantry

they served their country well and they brought back the victory.

Joan Keeler”

Author Julia Adamson

For More Information:

1922-1923 Canada Year Book Statistics Canada. 2009-06-09. Date accessed May 26, 2014.

Adamson, Julia Saskatchewan Gen Web – Military Resources. Date Accessed May 26, 2014.

Adamson, Julia. Saskatchewan Gen Web Newspaper Magazine Resources Date accessed May 26, 2014.

Barry, Bill. Saskatchewan Virtual War Memorial Date accessed May 26, 2014.

Canada and the First World War Library and Archives on Flickr. Date accessed May 26, 2014.

CBC Radio CBC May 26, 2014. 2014 Date accessed May 26, 2014.

Celebrate Saskatchewan 1980 Committee Vanscoy and District History. They plowed the way and we followed. Friesen Printers. Altona, MB. Vanscoy, Saskatchewan. Page vii.

Family Search Digital Historical Newspapers Canadiana. Canadian Research Knowledge Network. Library and Archives Canada.

Kerr, D.G.G., editor. Historical Atlas of Canada. Canadian Historical Associations Committee on a Historical Atlas of Canada. 1960. Thomas Nelson and Sons (Canada) ltd. Library of Congress catalog card number 60-9189.

Library and Archives Canada images on Flickr. Set of images: Canada and the First World War.

Saskatchewan Genealogy Web : Sask Gen Web E-Magazine

Wikipedia List of Online Newspaper Archives

Oct 282013


The CEF Study Group’s latest listing of recommended great war websites has this to say:

“The Saskatchewan Virtual War Memorial – They gave all that we may live in peace and security

“This web site commemorates Saskatchewan’s war dead and supplements the physical War Memorial located on the grounds of the Saskatchewan Legislature in Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada. You can search the database of more than 11,000 war casualties using a sophisticated set of criteria. In addition, a unique set of combined statistics can be viewed including “Casualties by Cause of Death” and “Casualties by Lifespan After Enlistment”. In addition, there are features to share and upload information to expand upon the material. The website is very well done and serves as an example for others to emulate.” [CEF Study Group - Sept 2012]

Yay for us!  And special congratulations to Ben Charron, the talented guru who built SVWM and continues to help me maintain it.

Aug 122013

Captain Harold Wilson Balfour, OBE, VD

Royal Canadian Navy Volunteer Reserve

Recognized for Outstanding Civic Service and Meritorious Military Achievement.

Harold, the youngest of 3 children of James and Mary Anne Balfour, was born at Balcarres, Saskatchewan on the 27th of August, 1906. His parents were not native to Saskatchewan having moved there from their birthplace in Ontario. Following high school, Balfour attended the University of Saskatchewan, College of Arts.

Harold’s military career began in April of 1923 when he joined the newly formed half company of the Royal Canadian Navy Volunteer Reserve at Saskatoon as an ordinary signalman. In 1929 the resignation of the company Paymaster provided an opportunity for advancement. Harold then working in the City of Saskatoon’s Treasurer’s Department, had the necessary skills to fill the vacancy and a strong recommendation by the Company’s CO, J.W. McEown was all that was needed. Thus in early 1929 Balfour was commissioned as an Acting Paymaster Sub-Lieutenant, RCNVR.

His advancement at HMCS Unicorn was rapid:

6 Feb 1930 Confirmed Paymaster Sub-Lieutenant

6 Feb 1931 Acting Paymaster Lieutenant

6 Feb 1932 Confirmed Paymaster Lieutenant

14 Sep 1933 Transferred to the Executive Branch as Acting Lieutenant in Acting Command

21 Nov 1934 Appointed in Command of the Saskatoon Half Company

Prior to 1936 he completed courses in Seamanship, Pilotage, and Gunnery and earned a Bridge Watchkeeper’s Certificate. His civilian occupation was Accountant, Internal Treasurer’s Department, City of Saskatoon.

On the 6th of December 1938 he was promoted to Lieutenant Commander.

When Canada declared war on Germany in late 1939 L/Cdr Balfour like most members of the naval reserved was called to active service. June 1940 found Harold at HMCS Naden in Esquimalt, BC and a year later in Newfoundland in command of HMCS Avalon II a position he held for 5 months. He was then appointed to HMCS Avalon as Executive officer. On the 1st of July 1943 he was promoted to Commander and continued in his position of Executive officer at Avalon. On the 4th of January 1944 he was named King’s Harbour Master of the port of St. John’s, NFLD. At the beginning of December he was made an acting Captain while in command at HMCS Avalon.

When the war ended Harold was appointed to HMCS Bytown in August 1945 and HMCS Carleton in November while still holding his acting rank of Captain. In December he was confirmed in the rank of Captain and demobilized. In March of 1946 he was placed on the retired list at HMCS Unicorn and in 1960 at HMCS Discovery. He was finally released on the 1st of April 1968.

In recognition of his long career in the Royal Canadian Navy Volunteer Reserved then Lieutenant Commander Balfour was awarded the RCNVR Decoration in 1943. The award of this decoration entitled the member to use the post nominal of VD after their name. In addition Captain Balfour was named to the Order of the British Empire in the degree of Officer for his long service and his valuable service during the war. This honour was published in both the Canada and London Gazettes of January 1945. The citation reads:

“This Officer has served zealously with marked ability and enthusiasm over a period of five years, in various appointments and latterly as Commander of the Port, St. John’s Newfoundland, He has taken a consistently keen interest in the welfare of service personnel, and has given unsparingly of his time and energy in that connection. Under his chairmanship the past three successive Victory Loans in the Newfoundland Command have been outstandingly successful, and he has played an important part in the organization and development of the Naval Central Canteen.”

Note: Holders of this award are permitted to add post nominal of OBE after their name.

Other medals held by Captain Balfour were:

  1. The Defence Medal;
  2. The Canadian Volunteer Service Medal and Overseas Clasp;
  3. The 1939-45 War Medal;
  4. The 1935 Silver Jubilee Medal; and
  5. The 1953 Coronation Medal.


balfour hw medals

In addition to his military accomplishments Harold Balfour also served his community. In 955, during his tenure as City Commissioner of Saskatoon, he also served as secretary-treasurer and vice president of the Saskatchewan Urban Municipalities Association. One of Balfour’s pet project was the creation of a recreational facility in Holiday Park. The project was initiated in January of 1955 and was finally completed in the summer of the summer of 1963 after his retirement.

As a member of the City Amalgamation Committee, Balfour negotiated the terms of the amalgamation between the railway town of Sutherland with the City of Saskatoon. Balfour was “known nationally for his able civic administration abilities,” and he was “principally involved in Saskatoon’s land bank – a program that survives to this day and still is an example for the rest of the nation.”Loran 1984 It was during his time with the city administration that the new city hall was erected and the civic administration moved out of the old King Edward School.

Balfour married Louise Serbian and made his residence at 720 Temperance Street, Saskatoon. Balfour played guitar with a small Saskatoon band as well as with Art McEwing and his Wauker Oats Radio Orchestra. Following his retirement and move to Burnaby, BC, he took an active interest in the Naval Officers Association of B.C. and served a term as President of that organization. Additionally he was a member of the hospital board, as well as executive on the St. John Ambulance Association and a trustee of the New Vista Society.

Harold Wilson Balfour passed away at New Westminster, British Columbia on the12th of June 1986, at the age of 79.


Balcarres History Book Committee. Furrows in time : a history of Balcarres and district. 1987. ISBN 0919781373

Balcarres Homecoming 2005 Committee, Furrows in time update : Balcarres, pride of the prairies. 2005. Battle Honours of 14 Unicorns Unveiled at Local Establishment Saskatoon Star Phoenix. January 27, 1958. Google News Archive. URL accessed April 5, 2013.

Civic Administrator’s Officers. The Leader Post. January 2, 1955. Google News Archive. URL accessed April 5, 2013.

Gimblett, Richard H. and Michael L. Hadley editors. Citizen Sailors: Chronicles of Canada’s Naval Reserve, 1910-2010. Edition illustrated. Publisher Dundurn, 2010. ISBN 1459711602, 9781459711600. Digitised online by Google Books. URL accessed April 5, 2013.

Houterman, J.N. and Jeroen Koppes. Royal Canadian Naval Volunteer Reserve (RCNVR) Officers 1939-1945 World War II Unit Histories and Officers.

Former City Commissioner Keeps Busy in Burnaby. The Phoenix. February 25, 1984. Google News Archive. URL accessed April 5, 2013.

Notable Military Records Set by Saskatchewan Men. Saskatoon Star Phoenix. May 16, 1955. Google News Archive. URL accessed April 5, 2013.

Number of Saskatoon and North Saskatchewan Men in the King’s Honor List. Saskatoon Star Phoenix. January 2, 1945. Google News Archive. URL accessed April 5, 2013.

Paquette, L.Cdr. Edward R. and Lt. C. G. Bainbridge, F.R.S.A. P. Honours and Awards, Canadian Naval Forces WWII Published 1986

Lawn Bowling Club Seeks more space in Buena Vista. Saskatoon Star Phoenix. October 23, 1957. Google News Archive. URL accessed April 5, 2013.

List of Mid-Year Promotions for Canadian Naval Personnel. Ottawa Citizen. July 1, 1943. Google News Archive. URL accessed April 5, 2013.

R.M. Tullymet History Book Committee. The Whispering aspens : a history of R.M. of Tullymet, No. 216, Saskatchewan Balcarres Region History. ISBN 0919781179

Royal Canadian Navy Volunteer Reserve LS & GC Awards Welcome to Ed’s Mess [dedicated to the men and women of Canada's Armed Forces and Merchant Navy,]. URL accessed April 5, 2013.

Saskatoon Man Doing a Key Job in Navy. Saskatoon Star Phoenix. May 1, 1944. Google News Archive. URL accessed April 5, 2013.

Saskatoon Sends 51 Men to Naval Units at Coast. New Recruits Bring Local Division to Full Strength of 83. Training Centre to Be Continued Here. Saskatoon Star Phoenix. October 5, 1939. Page 3 and 5. Google News Archive. URL accessed April 5, 2013.

Second World War Medals – Canadian Orders, Medals and Decorations. Records and Collections – Veteran’s Affairs Canada. Government of Canada. 2013-03-07. URL accessed April 6, 2013.

Smith, Betty. City Outstrips Growth Predictions. Saskatoon Star-Phoenix. August 19, 1961. URL accessed April 5, 2013.

Watchstanding. Revision ID number 544032995 revised March 14, 2013. URL accessed April 5, 2013.

World War 2 – Order of the British Empire1939-1945 StarDefence Medal 1939-1945 STIWOT (Stichting Informatie Wereldoorlog Twee). 2013. URL accessed April 6, 2013.

Jul 202013

The number of airmen killed in the early days of the war was exceptionally high, indeed an airman who survived training had a reasonable prospect of surviving the war. For example five Saskatchewan fliers were among the graduates at No 7 B&GS in the fall of 1941. Continue reading »

Jul 152013

Ross Herrington (location unknown) alerted SVWM to the existence of the Corps of Guides and to the association of ER Mundle, an architect from Melville who enlisted on the outbreak of WWI, to it.  On the back page of Mundle’s attestation there is a pencilled notation of the Corps at upper left, and one of his service records lists his rank as “Scout(Pte)”. Continue reading »